Amis d'Uxellodunum  


Caesar's Gallic wars

Map : Wikipedia

Caesar in Gaul  1st century BC


58 BC

At this time the Gauls in the region of the Alps were already under Roman control.

The Helvetii began to migrate towards the lands of the Santons (Saintes).

Caesar would not let them cross Provincia, so they moved towards the lands of the Eduens whose capital was Bibracte (Mont Beuvray).

Caesar defeated the Helvetii in battle at Bibracte.

57 BC
Roman expedition against the Belgae to the north of the river Seine.
56 BC

Caesar conducted a land and sea war against the Venti (Morbihan) who were defeated at sea.

Expedition of the legate Publius Crassus to the land of the Aquitani.

A final expedition against the Morins and the Menapiens was carried out quickly.

55 BC

Punitive expedition against the Germani.

In summer, Caesar crossed the channel with a small force to engage the Britons, before withdrawing.

54 BC

Caesar returned across the channel with five legions to defeat the army of Cassivellaunus. With him he brought allies and vassals from Gaul, among them a young cavalry officer called Vercingetorix.

53 BC

Aged 20, Vercingetorix, now chief of the Arverni, a people never occupied by the Roman legions, fomented a secret coalition between the Gallic tribes against the menace that Caesar represented for their independence. Caesar returned from Italy to chase the Gauls northwards. Vercingetorix destroyed everything in his wake, but spared Avaricum (Bourges), capital of the Bituriges and Caesar was able to secure provisions and reconstitute his forces.

52 BC

The Carnutes massacred the Roman merchants established at Cenabum (Orleans).

Caesar took Cenabum and spared Avaricum.

The Eduens, despite normally being allies of the Romans, sent cavalry to join Vercingetorix who establshed his forces at at Gergovie, near present day Clermont-Ferrand, where Caesar could not dislodge them.

The Gauls lead by Vercingetorix later attacked the Romans in Provincia (around Narbonne). The conflict took a decisive turn when the cavaliers of the Gauls were pushed into retreat by Caesar's Germani allies. Vercingetorix had to flee and take refuge with 80,000 men at Alesia, a hill fort in the east of Gaul.

Vercingetorix surrendered after the siege of Alesia.

51 BC
Caesar consolidated his vistory by punitive expeditions against the last pocket of resistance at Uxellodunum.

19th century to the present day


Discovery of numerous artefacts and of the first tunnel at the fountain of Loulié by Jean-Baptiste Cessac.

Excavations carried out at the instigation of Napoléon III.

1866 to 1874

Etienne Castagné published many reports following which Napoleon III, in his work on the Gallic wars, declared Puy d’Issolud to be the site of Uxellodunum.

1913 to 1920

Excavations carried out by Antoine Cazes at the fountain of Loulié.

1920 to 1941

Excavations by Antoine Laurent-Bruzy, a local enthusiast, whose findings remain unknown.

New archeological investigations commenced under the direction of Jean-Pierre Girault.
Official recognition on 26 avril 2001 of Uxellodunum at Puy d'Issolud.
Completion of the modern investigations carried out under the direction of Jean-Pierre Girault at the Fontaine de Loulié.
2010, 2011
Restoration of the site of the Fontaine de Loulié and protection of the Roman tunnels, including processing the spoil and recording the finds.

2012 - 2015


The site remains closed to the public.







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