Amis d'Uxellodunum  


To order the following books from the Association des Amis d'Uxellodunum please download the order form and send it to us by mail.

The books are also available from the association Racines and the associations of the Amis de Saint-Céré.

"L'habitat Gaulois et gallo-romain dans la vallée de la Dordogne"
by Jean-Pierre GIRAULT

The habitat of the Gauls and Gallo-Romans in the Dordogne valley.

Many traces exist but most would remain unknown if this first inventory had not been produced by a few historians and archeologists.

Fifteen enlightened professionals and volunteers have joined the action undertaken over almost a half-century by Jean-Pierre Girault.


L'habitat gaulois et gallo-romain dans la vallée de la Dordogne par Jean-Pierre Girault


Our friends the Gauls, in the Dordogne valley?

Jean-Pierre Girault, a local archeologist long recognised for his enthusiasm and tenacity, was the one to identify through his work the site of Uxellodunum and to publish the entire documentation. His research has gone down in history and has resolved a long-standing puzzle for specialists of the Gallic Wars.

In the absence of major archeological excavations to visit, it is from objects and sites in 80 communes of Lot and Corrèze that this book reveals the way of life of the Gauls and Gallo-Romans. A glossary is included to help readers understand the terms used. More than 331 sites, of which 30 correspond to Gallo-Roman villas, have been identified by Jean-Pierre Girault. But this figure is deceptive. Archeology in Lot is less than dynamic and has to contend with repeated destruction caused not only by mechanised agriculture but also by Sunday prospectors dreaming of treasure. For the period known as the Tène, between the end of the first Iron Age and the early implantation of the Gauls, nothing remains except a few tumuli. In terms of habitat only the site of Combe Fages II (Loupiac) has been excavated, during the preliminary construction work for the autoroute A20. This site was dated between 500 and 370 BC. For the oppida of the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, the exceptions are the research carried out at the Fontaine de Loulié (alongside the work done to identify the site of the battle of Uxellodunum) and several trial soundings on the oppida of the Puy d’Issolud and the Césarines. The important oppidum at Pech del Castel (le Roc), regularly pillaged, has not benefitted from any research until now. This volume puts forward very comprehensive records, many of them previously unpublished, on these major sites. For the other sites documented, the reader should be aware of the importance of their preservation given the varied and valuable information that they have revealed. Certain of the objects studied can be seen in the Museum of the Palais de la Raymondie in Martel.

"Les Constructions médiévales dans la vallée de la Dordogne lotoise : Des invasions barbares aux guerres de Réligion"
by Jean-Pierre GIRAULT

Medieval constructions of the Dordogne valley in Lot, from the barbarian invasions to the wars of religion. Motte and bailey castles, fotresses, towers, lookout posts, cave hideouts and cliff dwellings.

Livre : Les constructions médievales dans la vallée de la Dordogne Lotoise : Jean-Pierre GIRAULT 2015

With the collaboration of Marguerite Guely, Guy Maynard, Michel Carrière, François Moser et Valérie Rousset.


This study and inventory of heritage sites of the Dordogne valley in the department of Lot, undertaken by archeologist Jean-Pierre Girault with a team of historians and archeologists, is dedicated to the constructions found on the river's banks and cliffs. The book describes habitations in naturally protected places perched high above the river, lookout posts, and refuges accessible only by precarious means. It includes many towers and small fortifications, dwellings built into the cliffs which clearly exhibit domestic organisation, and troglodytic hideouts. These new results of recent archeological excavations and explorations in the valley are documented in an inventory of 103 entries.

The vestiges are the indirect testimony of the organisation of the small human communities of the valley during various troubles created by incursions, local territorial wars and religious confrontations. Illustrated equally are the farms, hamlets and villages springing up in an agro-pastoral society with a basic feudal structure. The Dordogne valley with its landscape of high cliffs, not yet a major traffic route, accommodated a world of small farmers exploiting diverse soils, dominated by the limestone plateau, its wooded slopes and, in the valley, ploughable soil nonetheless subject to unpredictable flooding.

The river was home to fisheries, mills, ferries and fords. Having studied a number of Quercy families and the history associated with their dwellings, the authors describe a lost world of surprising modernity. They plead equally for the preservation and protection of this historical heritage, whether modest or monumental, demonstrating that knowledge shared is probably one of the best means of protection.

"La Fontaine de Loulié au Puy-d’Issolud. Le dossier archéologique du siège d’Uxellodunum"
par Jean-Pierre GIRAULT

Bibracte ISSN 1281-430X
ISBN 978-2-909668-77-2
Prix 35€

The records of the archeological excavations of the
site of the siege of Uxellodunum at the fontaine of
Loulié, Puy d'Issolud.

La Fontaine de Loulié au Puy-d’Issolud. Le dossier archéologique du siège d’Uxellodunum

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The defeat of the Gauls at Uxellodunum is one of the last significant episodes of the Gallic Wars. In 1866, Napoleon III noted in his history of Julius Caesar, "excavations?at Puy Issolud in 1865 leave no doubt about the location of Uxellodunum". But this declaration did not put an end to the controversy that had occupied the scholars of Lot since the Renaissance. After the Emperor's fall, all of his work was called into question, including the fledgling field of archeology, which his investigation of the caesarean wars had made a scientific discipline. However, Jean-Baptiste Cessac, who discovered the site, and the military engineers mobilised by Napoleon to carry out excavations, had uncovered remains that perfectly matched the description of De Bello Gallico.

This book provides a comprehensive review of the records concerning the site - the archives and museum collections that abound - and the meticulous archeological research carried out in the field from 1997 to 2005. The site had been left to abandon and initial clearing of vegetation revealed a landscape totally undermined by the old excavations. The examination, metre by metre, of this unforgiving terrain, carried out with the assistance of many specialists, has corroborated the observations of the nineteenth century and has clarified various points. It has brought to light a battleground affected by fire and littered with projectiles. It has also clearly identified the network of tunnels - those constructed by the Roman engineers to divert water from the source - and those dug downwards by those under siege, to intercept the Roman tunnels. The census of the numerous projectiles found, plus the large number of archeological elements discovered, show that the violent events that occurred at the source did indeed take place in the 1st century BC.



"Les Occupations préhistoriques du Puy d'Issolud, de la vallée de la Dordogne et de ses affluents dans le nord du département du Lot"

Racines - Editions <<Les Monédières>> - 2013
Prix 28€

Prehistoric occupation of Puy d'Issolud, of the Dordogne valley and of its tributaries in the north of the department of Lot.

Livre : Jean-Pierre Girault Occupations préhistoriques du Puy d'Issolud...

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The latest book from Jean-Pierre Girault, archeologist in charge of recent excavations at the site of Uxellodunum, covers the prehistoric occupation of Puy d'Issolud, the valley of the Dordogne and its tributaries in northern Lot.

Thousands of years ago this area was home to the first inhabitants of Quercy - hunter-gatherers during the periods of glaciation. They were subsequently followed by arable farmers and livestock breeders in neolithic times - who have left many material traces which are still being uncovered to this day.

The research and inventory of this historical evidence has been undertaken over a period of more than 30 years by Jean-Pierre Girault.

Jean-Pierre Girault, archeologist and author, with many articles in national and international periodicals to his name, gathers together for the first time in this book an inventory of the prehistoric sites of the area, many recorded for the first time.

For each site, the main archeological details are recorded, including the objects found, as well as a bibliography.

The book draws attention to the fragility of this important heritage and the dangers of its complete disappearance.

The book was published in 2013 with the participation of the Conseil Departmental of Lot, the Association des Amis d'Uxellodunum and the Association Racines.


"La Fontaine de Loulié au Puy d'Issolud et la vallée de la Dordogne : La fin de l'âge du bronze et le premier âge de fer"

Racines - Editions du Vers Luisant - 2011
Prix 28€

The fountain of Louli é at Puy d'Issolud and the Dordogne valley : the Late Bronze Age and First Iron Age

Image : Provisional Cover

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For over 30 years Jean-Pierre Girault, aided by a band of loyal volunteers, has worked on an inventory of the traces of protohistoric populations in the northern part of Quercy.

His work has brought to light a large number of previously unknown sites and, in the process, assembled an impressive set of documentation.

Investigations have been carried out in the cantons of Martel, Souillac, Vayrac, Bretenoux and Payrac plus neighbouring communes in the departments of Dordogne and Corrèze.

The first part of the book covers the fountain of Loulié. The second part covers the inventory of sites and caves in the Dordogne valley which were occupied during the end of the Bronze Age and the early Iron Age.

Details of the sites of Combe Nègre (Loupiac), Surlaroque (Carennac) and de Toupy (Floirac), studied by J. Gascò, together with data on the fountain of Loulié, provide local evidence of 500 years of protohistory.

The third part of the book reflects on the importance of these sites to the populations of the territory, with a hitherto unpublished inventory of sepulchres, dolmens and tumuli.

The book concludes with an overview of the proposed protohistoric cultural chronology of the region.




Articles sur le gallo-romain dans la vallée de la Dordogne,
Habitat gallo-romain de la Vallée de la Dordogne -
Inventaire et étude

par Jean-Pierre GIRAULT

Articles on the Gallo-Roman habitation in the Dordogne valley.

Price 13€


Published in the Annales des Rencontres des amis de St-Céré







The site

History of site ownership

The Association




Photo galleries

Future perspectives


Ancient texts

Puy d'Issolud as Uxellodunum

Old excavations : overview

Old excavations : documents for download

Recent excavations : overview

Recent excavations : documents for download

Recent scientific studies : documents for download

Geology and flora

Old press cuttings

Legends of Puy d'Issolud


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PlansBy Paul Bial 1869, at UxellodunumPuy d'Issolud 1948Puy d'Issolud...